Instant Payments: Regulatory Innovation and Payment Substitution Across Countries

Categories : Regulation and Payment System Governance, Regulation of Digital Financial Services


Author: International Monetary Fund

Instant, or fast, payments are credit transfers completed and settled within seconds or minutes. They have low costs, reduce payment risk, and have significantly replaced the use of cash, cards, or check and direct debit payments. The IMF notes the role played by regulators in promoting instant payments and identify instances of significant payment instrument substitution across 12 advanced and emerging market economies. This substitution reflects the realized demand for attributes offered by instant payments. As these attributes are quite similar to those for CBDC, the demand for retail CBDC (if issued) may be less compelling. Read more here