Ghana’s Identification Ecosystem

Categories : Digital identity


Author: Cleo Turner

This report provides an overview and analysis of Ghana’s identification ecosystem (IE). It discusses seven major identification (ID) systems: Birth Certificates, Voter ID cards, National Health Insurance cards, Driver’s Licences, Passports, National Identification cards (Ghanacard), and SIM cards. The authors focus on how these ID systems — especially the Ghanacard and Sim cards — shape access to citizens’ rights, access to public goods and services, and participation in the national economy.